Welsh 1-2 Grammar and Vocabulary

WelshWelsh Levels 1 and 2 Table of Contents, Main Grammar Points and Vocabulary

Welsh Level 1

(Please scroll further down the page to see the content of the Level 2 course)

A large number of independent studies have shown the method used in Linkword courses is up to 3x faster than normal learning methods. Words will just stick in your mind. Even if you think you are poor at languages, Linkword will show you that you can do it.

If you struggled with languages at school it is almost certainly not your fault. It is the way you were taught. Level 1 Welsh will teach you an extensive vocabulary and basic grammar in 10-12 hours, enough to communicate effectively in a large number of situations you will meet abroad. It is ideal for Travel, Business or Schoolwork and for all ages.

Table of Contents:

Section 1: Animals

Section 2: Hotel, Home, Colours

Section 3: Clothes, Family

Section 4: More useful words, Time words

Section 5: In the Restaurant, Numbers, Time

Section 6: Food & Drink

Section 7: The Workplace, Shopping

Section 8: Travel

Section 9: Leisure Activity

Section 10: The Doctor, Emergency, other useful words

Glossary

Main Grammar Points:

Gender

‘The’

Mutation of words

‘Is’

Making simple sentences

Word order

And, but, or

Personal pronouns

..Is eating etc

Questions

Plurals

‘Was’ and ‘Were’

Numbers

Telling the time

Prepositions

‘A’

Question words

Negatives

Possessives

My, your etc

‘Here’ and ‘There’

‘Yes’ and ‘No’

Adverbs

Glossary:

ACCIDENT                      DAMWAIN
AEROPLANE                     AWYREN
AFTER (TIME)                  WEDI
ALWAYS                        BOB AMSER
AMBULANCE                     AMBIWLANS
AND                           A or AC
ANIMAL                        ANIFAIL
APPLE                         AFAL
APRIL                         EBRILL
ARM                           BRAICH
AUGUST                        AWST
BACK                          CEFN
BACON                         CIG MOCH
BAD (WICKED)                  DRWG
BANDAGE                       RHWYMYN
BANK                          BANC
BATTERY                       BATRI
BAY                           BAE
BEACH                         TRAETH
BED                           GWELY
BEDROOM                       YSTAFELL WELY
BILL                          BIL
BLACK                         DU
BLADDER                       PLEDREN
BLOOD                         GWAED
BLOUSE                        BLOWS
BLUE                          GLAS
BOAT                          BAD
BODY                          CORFF
BONE                          ASGWRN
BOOK                          LLYFR
BOY                           BACHGEN
BRAKE                         BRÊC
BREAD                         BARA
BREAKFAST                     BRECWAST
BRIDGE                        PONT
BROTHER                       BRAWD
BROWN                         BROWN
BUCKET                        BWCED
BULL                          TARW
BUS                           BWS
BUS STOP                      ARHOSFAN
BUT                           OND
BUTTER                        MENYN
CABBAGE                       BRESYCHEN
CARPET                        CARPED
CASTLE                        CASTELL
CAT                           CATH
CHAIR                         CADAIR
CHEESE                        CAWS
CHEQUE                        SIEC
CHIN                          GÊN
CHURCH                        EGLWYS
CINEMA                        SINEMA
CLOCK                         CLOC
COAT                          COT
COFFEE                        COFFI
COLD                          OERFEL
COLOUR                        LLIW
COMPANY                       CWMNI
COW                           BUWCH
CUP                           CWPAN
CUPBOARD                      CWPWRDD
CURTAIN                       LLEN
DANGER                        PERYGL
DAUGHTER                      MERCH
DAY                           DYDD
DECEMBER                      RHAGFYR
DEEP                          DWFN
DEER                          CARW
DENTIST                       DEINTYDD
DINNER                        CINIO
DIRTY                         BRWNT
DOCTOR                        MEDDYG
DOG                           CI
DONKEY                        ASYN
DOOR                          DRWS
DRAWER                        DRÔR
DRESS                         FFROG
DRIVER                        GYRRWR
EARTH                         PRIDD
EGG                           WY
EIGHT                         WYTH
ELEPHANT                      ELIFFANT
ELEVEN                        UN AR DDEG
EMPTY                         GWAG
EXIT                          FFORDD ALLAN
EYE                           LLYGAD
FACTORY                       FFATRI
FATHER                        TAD
FEBRUARY                      CHWEFROR
FINGER                        BYS
FIRE                          TÂN
FIRST                         CYNTAF
FIVE                          PUMP
FLOOR                         LLAWR
FLOWER                        BLODYN
FOOD                          BWYD
FOOT                          TROED
FORK                          FFORC
FOUR (MALE)                   PEDWAR
FOX                           CADNO
FRIDAY                        GWENER
FRUIT                         FFRWYTH
GARAGE                        GAREJ
GARDEN                        GARDD
GIRL                          MERCH
GLASS                         GWYDR
GOAT                          GAFR
GOOD                          DA
GRASS                         PORFA
GREEN                         GWYRDD
GREY                          LLWYD
HALF                          HANNER
HAND                          LLAW
HAPPY                         HAPUS
HAT                           HET
HEAD                          PEN
HEADACHE                      PEN TOST
HEART                         CALON
HEAT                          GWRES
HEAVY                         TRWM
HELP!                         HELP!
HOLIDAYS                      GWYLIAU
HORSE                         CEFFYL
HOSPITAL                      YSBYTY
HOTEL                         GWESTY
HOUR                          AWR
HOW                           SUT
HOW MUCH (MANY)               FAINT
HUSBAND                       GW^R
I AM BUYING                   RYDW I'N PRYNU
I AM GIVING                   RYDW I'N RHOI
I AM HAVING (RECEIVE)         RYDW I'N CAEL
I AM PUTTING                  RYDW I'N DODI
I AM WALKING                  RYDW I'N CERDDED
ILLNESS                       AFIECHYD
IN                            YN
INJECTION                     PIGIAD
INSECT                        PRYFEDYN
JACK                          JAC
JAM                           JAM
JANUARY                       IONAWR
JULY                          GORFFENNAF
JUNE                          MEHEFIN
KEY                           ALLWEDD
KITCHEN                       CEGIN
KNIFE                         CYLLELL
LAKE                          LLYN
LAST                          DIWETHAF
LATE                          HWYR
LAWN                          LAWNT
LEAF                          DEILEN
LEEKS                         CENNIN
LEFT                          CHWITH
LEG                           COES
LESS                          LLAI
LETTER                        LLYTHYR
LION                          LLEW
LIVING ROOM                   YSTAFELL FYW
MAN                           DYN
MANAGER                       RHEOLWR
MAP                           MAP
MARCH                         MAWRTH
MAY                           MAI
MEAT                          CIG
MENU                          BWYDLEN
MILK                          LLAETH
MINUTE                        MUNUD
MONDAY                        LLUN
MONEY                         ARIAN
MONKEY                        MWNCI
MONTH                         MIS
MOOR                          RHOS
MOTHER                        MAM
MOUNTAIN                      MYNYDD
MUCH                          LLAWER
MUSHROOMS                     MADARCH
NIGHT                         NOS
NINE                          NAW
NOISY                         SWNLLYD
NOSE                          TRWYN
NOVEMBER                      TACHWEDD
OCTOBER                       HYDREF
OF (quantity)                 O
OFFICE                        SWYDDFA
OIL                           OLEW
OLD                           HEN
ON                            AR
ONE                           UN
ONION                         WYNWYNSYN
OR                            NEU
PAIN                          POEN
PATH                          LLWYBR
PEAR                          GELLYGEN
PEAS                          PYS
PETROL                        PETROL
PIANO                         PIANO
PICNIC                        PICNIC
PIG                           MOCHYN
PINK                          PINC
PLATE                         PLÂT
POLICE                        HEDDLU
POND                          PWLL
POOR                          TLAWD
POTATO                        TATEN
PRETTY                        PERT
PRODUCT                       CYNNYRCH
PUB                           TAFARN
PUMP                          PWMP
PUNCTURE                      TWLL
QUARTER                       CHWARTER
QUICK                         CYFLYM
QUIET                         TAWEL
RABBIT                        CWNINGEN
RED                           COCH
RESTAURANT                    TY^ BWYTA
RIB                           ASEN
RIGHT                         DE
RIVER                         AFON
ROAD                          HEOL
ROOF                          TO
ROOM                          YSTAFELL
SAD                           TRIST
SALARY                        CYFLOG
SAND                          TYWOD
SATURDAY                      SADWRN
SAUCER                        SOSER
SAUSAGES                      SELSIG
SEA                           MÔR
SECOND                        EILIAD
SECOND (PLACE)                AIL
SEED                          HEDYN
SEPTEMBER                     MEDI
SEVEN                         SAITH
SHEEP                         DAFAD
SHELF                         SILFF
SHIP                          LLONG
SHIRT                         CRYS
SHOE                          ESGID
SHOP                          SIOP
SHORT                         BYR
SISTER                        CHWAER
SIX                           CHWECH
SKIN                          CROEN
SKIRT                         SGYRT
SLOW                          ARAF
SMALL                         BACH
SOCKS                         SANAU
SON                           MAB
SPADE                         RHAW
SPOON                         LLWY
STAMP                         STAMP
STATION                       GORSAF
STORM                         STORM
STREAM                        FFRWD
STUPID                        TWP
SUN                           HAUL
SUNDAY                        SUL
SUPPER                        SWPER
TABLE                         BWRDD
TEA                           TE
TELEPHONE                     TELEFFON
TEN                           DEG
THEATRE                       THEATR
THIEF                         LLEIDR
THREE (MALE)                  TRI
THURSDAY                      IAU
TICKET                        TOCYN
TIE                           TEI
TIGER                         TEIGR
TIME                          AMSER
TIP                           TIP
TO                            I
TO DRINK                      YFED
TO EAT                        BWYTA
TO MAKE                       GWNEUD
TO SEE                        GWELD
TO WANT                       MOYN
TODAY                         HEDDIW
TOILET                        TY^ BACH
TOMATO                        TOMATO
TOOTHACHE                     DANNOEDD
TRAIN                         TRÊN
TREE                          COEDEN
TROUSERS                      TROWSUS
TUESDAY                       MAWRTH
TURKEY                        TWRCI
TWELVE                        DEUDDEG
TWENTY                        UGAIN
TWENTY FIVE                   PUMP AR HUGAIN
TWO (MALE)                    DAU
TYRE                          TEIAR
UGLY                          HYLL
UNDER                         DAN
UNIVERSITY                    PRIFYSGOL
VALLEY                        DYFFRYN
VEGETABLES                    LLYSIAU
VERY                          IAWN
WAITER                        GWEINYDD
WALL                          WAL
WATER                         DW^R
WEDNESDAY                     MERCHER
WEEK                          WYTHNOS
WHAT                          BETH
WHEEL                         OLWYN
WHERE                         BLE
WHITE                         GWYN
WHO                           PWY
WHY                           PAM
WIFE                          GWRAIG
WINDOW                        FFENESTR
WINE                          GWIN
WOMAN                         MENYW
WORK                          GWAITH
WORM                          MWYDYN
YEAR                          BLWYDDYN
YELLOW                        MELYN

Welsh Level 2

The Level 2 course will extend your vocabulary by about 100% beyond Level 1, and significantly increases the level of grammar taught for schoolwork, business, or travel. The course has interactive quizzes throughout each section to strengthen Welsh retention.

Level 2 is also an ideal revision course for anyone with a basic knowledge of Welsh who wants to brush up their knowledge quickly.

Table of Contents:

Section 1: Family, Useful Words, Verbs, Food

Section 2: Useful Words, Verbs, Family

Section 3: Car Words, Adjectives, Travel, Verbs

Section 4: Weather, Adjectives, Verbs, Fruit

Section 5: At the Doctor’s, Adjectives, Verbs, Household Words

Section 6: Birds, Useful Words, Verbs

Section 7: Useful Words, Verbs

Section 8: Useful Words, Verbs

Section 9: Food, Useful Words, Verbs, Flowers

Section 10: Useful Words, Adjectives

Glossary

Main Grammar Points:

Formal and informal

Infinitives

Is there…

Illness words

Possession

Him, her

Past tense

Me, you

Future tense

Mutations throughout

Glossary:

(CAR) LIGHTS                  GOLAU
(I) ANSWER                    RYDW I'N ATEB
(I) LOSE                      RYDW I'N COLLI
(I) WORRY                     RYDW I'N POENI
(I) WRITE                     RYDW I'N YSGRIFENNU
(ROAD) SIGN                   ARWYDD
ABNORMAL                      ANNORMAL
ADULT                         OEDOLYN
AFTER                         AR ÔL
AGE                           OED
AIR                           AER
AIRPORT                       MAES AWYR
ALLERGY                       ALERGEDD
ALRIGHT                       IAWN
ANGRY                         CRAC
ANXIETY                       PRYDER
ASPARAGUS                     ASBARAGWS
ASTHMA                        ASTHMA
AUNT                          MODRYB
AUTUMN (FALL)                 HYDREF
AWFUL                         OFNADWY
BAG                           BAG 
BAKER                         POBYDD
BANANA                        BANANA
BASKET                        BASGED
BATH                          BATH
BEEF                          (CIG) EIDION
BEETROOT                      BETYS
BEFORE                        CYN 
BETTER                        GWELL
BETWEEN                       RHWNG
BIG                           MAWR
BIRDS                         ADAR
BITTER                        CHWERW
BLACKBIRD                     ADERYN DU
BLISTER                       POTHELL
BONNET (HOOD)                 BONET
BORING (MONOTONOUS)           UNDONOG
BOYFRIEND                     CARIAD
BRAVE                         DEWR
BRIDE                         PRIODFERCH
BRIDEGROOM                    PRIODFAB
BRIEF (of time)               BYR
BUILDING                      ADEILAD
BULB                          BYLB
BUMPER (FENDER)               BYMPAR
BURN                          LLOSG
BUSY                          PRYSUR
BUTCHER                       CIGYDD
BUTTON                        BOTWM
BY                            WRTH
CAKE                          TEISEN
CALORIE                       CALORI
CARBURETTOR                   CARBWRADUR
CAULIFLOWER                   BLODFRESYCH
CELERY                        SELERI
CELTIC                        CELTAIDD
CHAPEL                        CAPEL
CHEERFUL                      SIRIOL
CHILD                         PLENTYN
CHOCOLATE                     SIOCLED
CHOIR                         CÔR
CHOLESTEROL                   COLESTEROL
CITY                          DINAS
CLEAN                         GLÂN
CLEAR                         CLIR
CLIFF                         CLOGWYN
CLIMATE                       HINSAWDD
CLOUD                         CWMWL
COCKLES                       COCOS
COD                           PENFRAS
COLD                          ANNWYD
COMB                          CRIB
COME IN                       DEWCH I MEWN
CONCERT                       CYNGERDD
CORNER                        CORNEL
COUSIN (Female)               CYFNITHER
COUSIN (Male)                 CEFNDER
CROCUS                        SAFFRWN
CUT                           CWT
DAFFODIL                      DAFFODIL
DARK                          TYWYLL
DATES                         DÊTS
DESTINATION                   CYRCHFAN
DETAILED                      MANWL
DIARRHOEA                     DOLUR RHYDD
DIFFICULT                     ANODD
DRAGON                        DRAIG
DRILL                         DRIL
DURING                        YN YSTOD
EASY                          HAWDD
ELECTRICITY                   TRYDAN
ENGINE                        PEIRIANT
ENGLAND                       LLOEGR
ENOUGH                        DIGON
ENTRANCE                      MYNEDFA
EVERY                         POB
EVERYONE                      PAWB
EVERYTHING                    POPETH
FAMILY                        TEULU
FAMOUS                        ENWOG
FARM                          FFERM
FAT                           TEW
FAT (FOOD)                    BRAS
FATHER-IN-LAW                 TAD-YNG-NGHYFRAITH
FIELD                         CAE
FINAL                         TERFYNOL
FISHING                       PYSGOTA
FLAG                          BANER
FLOODS                        LLIFOGYDD
FOREHEAD                      TALCEN
FRIEND                        FFRIND
FROM (OF)                     O
FROST                         RHEW
FUNNY (Ha Ha)                 DONIOL
FUNNY (peculiar)              RHYFEDD
GALLERY                       ORIEL
GANGWAY                       GANGWE
GAS                           NWY
GOLD                          AUR
GOOD MORNING                  BORE DA
GOOD NIGHT                    NOS DA
GOODBYE                       DA BO CHI
GRANDDAUGHTER                 WYRES
GRANDFATHER                   TADCU
GRANDMOTHER                   MAMGU
GRAPEFRUIT                    GRAWNFFRWYTH
GRAPES                        GRAWNWIN
GROCER                        GROSER
HAIL                          CESAIR
HAMMER                        MORTHWYL
HARD                          CALED
HEALTHY (WELL)                IACH
HEIGHT                        TALDRA
HILL                          BRYN
HOLLY                         CELYN
HONEST                        GONEST
HONEY                         MÊL
HORN                          CORN
HOT                           POETH
HOW ARE YOU                   SHW MAE
HUMAN BEING                   BOD DYNOL
I DON'T UNDERSTAND            DYDW I DDIM YN DEALL
IMPOSSIBLE                    AMHOSIBL
INDICATOR                     DANGOSYDD
INSTEAD                       YN LLE
ISLAND                        YNYS
ITCH                          COSFA
JEWELLER                      GEMYDD
KITE                          BARCUD
LADDER                        YSGOL
LAMB                          CIG OEN
LANE                          LÔN
LANGUAGE                      IAITH
LAZY                          DIOG
LEISURE                       HAMDDEN
LEMON                         LEMWN
LETTUCE                       LETYS
LIFT (ELEVATOR)               LIFFT
LIGHT (of weight)             YSGAFN
LIGHT (visible)               GOLAU
LIGHTNING                     MELLT
LILY                          LILI
LOBSTER                       CIMWCH
LONG                          HIR
LONGING                       HIRAETH
LOVELY                        HYFRYD
MACKEREL                      MACRELL
MAD                           GWALLGOF
MAIN                          PRIF
MANY                          LLAWER
MARINA                        MARINA
MARKET                        MARCHNAD
MATCH                         GÊM
MODERN                        MODERN
MONUMENT                      COFEB
MOON                          LLEUAD
MOTHER-IN-LAW                 MAM-YNG-NGHYFRAITH
MOTORWAY                      TRAFFORDD
MOUTH                         CEG
MUSEUM                        AMGUEDDFA
MUSSELS                       MISGL
NAIL                          HOELEN
NAPPY (DIAPER)                CEWYN
NEAR                          AGOS
NEIGHBOUR                     CYMYDOG
NEW                           NEWYDD
NEXT                          NESAF
NORMAL                        NORMAL
NURSE                         NYRS
NUT                           CNEUEN
OBVIOUS                       AMLWG
OK                            IAWN
OPEN                          AGORED
ORANGE                        OREN
PAINFUL                       POENUS
PANSY                         CARU'N OFER
PARK                          PARC
PARSLEY                       PERSLI
PARSNIPS                      PANNAS
PASSPORT                      PASBORT
PEOPLE                        POBL
PEPPER                        PUPUR
PHYSICAL                      CORFFOROL
PILOT                         PEILOT
PINEAPPLE                     AFAL PÎN
PLATFORM                      PLATFFORM
PLEASANT                      DYMUNOL
PLIERS                        PLEIARS
PLUM                          EIRINEN
POEM                          CERDD
POET                          BARDD
POLITE                        CWRTAIS
POPPY                         PABI
PORK                          PORC
POSSIBLE                      POSIBL
PRACTICAL                     YMARFEROL
PRISON                        CARCHAR
PROBLEM                       PROBLEM
PUDDING                       PWDIN
PUFFIN                        PÂL
PURSE                         PWRS
QUEUE                         CWT
RADISH                        RADIS
RAIN                          GLAW
RARE                          PRIN
READY                         PAROD
REASONABLE                    RHESYMOL
RELATIVE                      PERTHYNAS
RESERVOIR                     CRONFA
RIPE                          AEDDFED
RIVER MOUTH                   ABER
ROBIN                         ROBIN
ROPE                          RHAFF
ROSE                          RHOSYN
SALIVA (SPIT)                 POER
SALT                          HALEN
SAUCE                         SAWS
SCISSORS                      SISWRN
SCOTLAND                      YR ALBAN
SCREW                         SGRIW
SEAGULL                       GWYLAN
SEAT                          SEDD
SEX                           RHYW
SHOWER                        CAWOD
SHY                           SWIL
SICK                          SÂL 
SIGN                          ARWYDD
SIMILAR                       TEBYG
SINCERE                       DIDWYLL
SKY                           AWYR
SMOOTH                        LLYFN
SNOW                          EIRA
SNOWDROP                      EIRLYS
SOFT                          MEDDAL
SOMEHOW                       RHYWSUT
SOMEONE                       RHYWUN
SOMETHING                     RHYWBETH
SOMEWHERE                     RHYWLE
SORRY                         BLIN
SOUP                          CAWL
SPARKING PLUG                 PLWG TANIO
SPECTACLES                    SBECTOL
SPRING                        GWANWYN
STADIUM                       STADIWM
STAIRS                        GRISIAU
STALL                         STONDIN
STARS                         SÊR
STOMACH                       STUMOG
STRAIGHT                      SYTH
STRAWBERRIES                  MEFUS
STREET                        STRYD
STRONG                        CRYF
SUDDEN                        SYDYN
SUITABLE                      ADDAS
SUMMER                        HAF
SURF                          EWYN
SURGERY                       MEDDYGFA
SWALLOW (BIRD)                GWENNOL
SWAN                          ALARCH
SWEETS                        LOSIN
TASTY                         BLASUS
THANKS                        DIOLCH
THIN                          TENAU
THROUGH                       TRWY
THRUSH                        BRONFRAITH
THUNDER                       TARANAU
TIGHT                         TYN
TIMETABLE                     AMSERLEN
TIN OPENER                    PETH AGOR TUN
TIRED                         BLINEDIG
TO ASK                        GOFYN
TO BUY                        PRYNU
TO CALL                       GALW
TO CHANGE                     NEWID
TO CHOOSE                     DEWIS
TO COUNT                      RHIFO
TO CRY                        CRÏO
TO CUT                        TORRI
TO ENJOY                      MWYNHAU
TO FEEL                       TEIMLO
TO FINISH                     GORFFEN
TO GO                         MYND
TO GROW                       TYFU
TO HATE                       CASÁU
TO HEAR                       CLYWED
TO HELP                       HELPU
TO HOPE                       GOBEITHIO
TO LEAVE                      GADAEL
TO LIKE                       HOFFI
TO LIVE                       BYW
TO LOVE                       CARU
TO PREPARE                    PARATOI
TO REMEMBER                   COFIO
TO RUN                        RHEDEG
TO SLEEP                      CYSGU
TO START                      DECHRAU
TO STAY                       AROS
TO STEAL                      DWYN
TO SWALLOW                    LLYNCU
TO TAKE                       CYMRYD
TO TASTE                      BLASU
TO THINK                      MEDDWL
TO WALK                       CERDDED
TOLL                          TOLL
TOO                           RHY
TORCH                         TORTSH
TOWARDS                       AT
TOWN                          TREF
TRUE                          GWIR
TULIP                         TIWLIP
ULCER                         WLSER
UNCLE                         EWYTHR
UNDERSTAND                    DEALL
UNFORTUNATE                   ANFFODUS
UNTRUE                        ANWIR
USEFUL                        DEFNYDDIOL
VERY WELL                     DA IAWN
VINEGAR                       FINEGR
VISITOR                       YMWELWR
VITAMIN                       FITAMIN
WALES                         CYMRU
WARM                          TWYM
WAVE                          TON
WEAK                          GWAN
WEATHER                       TYWYDD
WEEDS                         CHWYN
WEIGHT                        PWYSAU
WELCOME                       CROESO
WHAT'S THE MATTER             BETH SY'N BOD
WICKED                        DRWG
WIND                          GWYNT
WINTER                        GAEAF
WIRE                          GWIFREN
WISE (sensible)               CALL
WITH                          GYDA
WITHOUT                       HEB
WOUND                         CLWYF
WREN                          DRYW

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